Diabetes – Type 2 – Get well

Today, I led my first Health & Food club workshop and the topic was diabetes.  This is the notes that accompany the class, which I hope people found informative and helpful.

white chocolate

So what is diabetes?

Type 2 diabetes occurs when the body doesn’t produce enough insulin to function properly, or the body’s cells don’t react to insulin. This means that glucose stays in the blood and isn’t used as fuel for energy.

What are the signs of diabetes?

• feel thirsty
• urinate more than usual, especially at night
• feel tired all the time

It’s estimated that more than 1 in 16 people in the UK has diabetes. Currently 3.9 million people are living with diabetes in the UK, with 90% of those affected having type 2 diabetes.

What problems can be caused by diabetes?

Vision loss and blindness
Kidney failure
Lower limb amputation
Strokes and cardiovascular disease

How to help type 2 diabetes
Eat a healthy, balanced diet
Lose weight (if you’re overweight) and maintain a healthy weight
Stop smoking (if you smoke)
Drink alcohol in moderation
Get plenty of regular exercise

Type 2 diabetes is strongly linked to obesity and tends to run in families. It is more prevalent in South Asians and Afro-Caribbeans.

184,000 KILLED BY SUGARY DRINKS IN A YEAR

I came across a very interesting article in the Telegraph newspaper recently, concerning a warning from scientists over deaths caused by sugary drinks.

Deaths due to diabetes, cancer and heart disease have been thought to have a link to the rise in consumption of fizzy drinks in the under 45’s.  The breakdown of deaths are as follows:-

133,000 diabetes related deaths
45,000 cardiovascular disease
6,450 from cancer caused by fizzy drinks fruit drinks, energy drinks and sweetened ice teas in 2010

One group of people who are thought to be particularly at risk are young girls, with the early onset of puberty causing a cancer risk.  It is suggested that for every year a girl starts early in puberty, then there is a 5% higher risk for breast cancer.

A sad case I came across, involved a man who drank 3 litres of cola a day and died, after his lungs swelled four times their normal weight.  It is such a waste of life that could be avoided, given the right help and support.  Addiction to sugar I believe, is now becoming as bad as smoking.

If you think the artificial sweetener approach to soft drink is any better, then you may wish to think about some research that came from the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2012, where women who drank one of these drinks a day, increased their risk of a stroke by 83 per cent.  Artificial sweeteners could also cause diabetes (research courtesy of the Diabetes Care 2013) who say that these sweeteners can cause a sudden blood insulin and glucose spike/rush, which will could eventually make the person insulin resistant, thus causing diabetes.

In the hot weather, you may wish to crack open a can, but first think about whether this is a once in a while drink, or if you have consumed far too much and should think about cutting your intake down.  Most importantly, consider children and their consumption.  Sugar has been given the nickname of ‘crystal meth of the food world’ and so far, I cannot help but agree.

Can’t get off the sweet stuff?

Try sugar replacements such as Trivia with the stevia leaf extract and xylitol.

Coconut nectar is a great sweetener because not only is it 100% organic and alive with enzymes, but it is great for those who may be diabetic. It is raw, low glycemic, GMO free and is vegan.

What is good for a diabetic to eat?

Beans

Try kidney, pinto, cannellini, or black beans, you can’t find better nutrition than that provided by beans. They are very high in fibre giving you about 1/3 of your daily requirement in just a ½ cup.

Dark Green Leafy Vegetables

Spinach and kale – are so low in calories and carbohydrate.

Citrus Fruit

Grapefruit, oranges, lemons and limes.

Sweet Potatoes
A vegetable packed full of vitamin A and fibre. They are a great alternative to potatoes as they are lower GI, meaning they go through the digestive system slower and that stops sugar spikes and surges.

Berries

Blueberries, strawberries or blackberries are just some you can have.

Fish High in Omega-3 Fatty Acids

Salmon, mackerel, tuna and sardines

Whole Grains

Swap the white rice, pasta, breads and grains for wholegrain variety.

Nuts

Nuts provide key health fats along with hunger management. Some nuts and seeds, such as walnuts and flax seeds, also contain omega-3 fatty acids.

Fats

Some fats help protect your heart. Think avocados, almonds,walnuts and pecans.

Other items

Foods which have reputed health benefits for diabetics are cinnamon, turmeric, olive oil, asparagus, apples, flaxseed, garlic, melon, oats, tomatoes and quinoa.

Advertisements

Published by

Emily Glancy

Broadcaster, Author and Writer Slightly obsessed with food, health, current affairs and travel. Have far too many interests to list, so I will not bore you. Have a strong Christian faith and have a heart to help others when it is in my power to do so. Loves to give good advice and tips. My saying in life is 'You have only failed if you quit... If you don't quit then you have not failed.'

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s